Monday, September 16, 2019

Today's Writing Tip Is When to Use Affect or Effect

Generally speaking, affect is a verb and effect is a noun, but there are times when effect can be a noun. Here are some examples:

Affect – to change or alter something. Kamala Harris affected the results of the first Democratic debate when she went head-to-head with Joe Biden on busing. That medication affects Jim; he's going to go off it.

Effect – the end result or consequence. The side effect of that drug was miserable. The effect of all my studying was that I got an A- on my final.

So when is effect a verb? To effect means to make happen, but it is not used that often as a verb. By and large, you can consider affect to be a verb and effect to be a noun.

Happy writing.



Saturday, August 17, 2019

Today's Writing Tip Is When to Use Imply and Infer

These terms sometimes trip people up and there's no reason for it. The person who is talking implies and the person who is listening infers. Here are examples:

Imply – to insinuate. Helen implied that she was running out of money.

Infer – to speculate. From what Helen said, Dahlia inferred that Helen was running out of money.

Happy writing!


Tuesday, August 6, 2019

Today's Writing Tip Is When to Use Number and When to Use Amount

If you read last week's tip on when to use less and when to use fewer, you are ahead of the game because the same principle applies to using the words number and amount. We use number for things that we can count or quantify and we use amount for things that we can't. Here are examples:

Number –- iPhones, paintings, glasses. There were a number of empty glasses on the table.

Amount –- food in the pantry, sleep, homework. What is the amount of caffeine in coffee? We bought a large amount of beer for the party. Now, technically, we could count those beers one by one, but the word amount refers to the sum total: the gestalt.

Happy writing.


Sunday, July 21, 2019

Today's Writing Tip Is When to Use Less and When to Use Fewer

There is an easy rule to remember for when to use the word less and when to use the word fewer and that is that less applies to things that can't be counted whereas fewer applies to things that can be quantified. Here are examples:

Less—time, stress, pollution. San Francisco has less pollution than Beijing. I have less time now to write writing tips than I used to.

Fewerstudents, cars, obstacles. Argenis was happy to have fewer obstacles in his new job than the last job. Fewer students are studying Spanish this term than in the summer.

Happy writing!


Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Today's Writing Tip Is about Punctuation: Does a Period Go before or after Quotation Marks?

Knowing how to punctuate properly can be confusing when we are dealing with quotation marks.

I use the Chicago Manual of Style and this is what they recommend:

Periods: put the period inside the quotation marks.

For example, Jim said that his mother was "out of breath."

Question Marks: this depends on whether the words in quotation form a question or not.

For example, Jim asked his mother, "Are you going out to play bridge?" Are you going out to play bridge is a question, so we want the question mark inside the quotations. But what if I rephrase the example as such? Is Jim's mother a real "whiz" at bridge? In this instance, the whole sentence is a question, so we put the question mark at the end of the sentence, not within the quotations.
Colons and Semicolons: these go outside the quotation marks.

For example, Jim told Andy that he "loved living in Florida"; summer was his favorite season. Or, Jim told Andy that he used to love "living in Ontario": too cold for him now though. Notice that the main difference between my using the semicolon and the colon was that the former separated two independent clauses that could stand alone, and the latter was followed by a dependent clause that could not stand alone.

Happy writing!